Izindaba

Ukubambisana Kwezemfundo Kwemboni 4.0 Ukuthuthukiswa

2018-08-07

Ngu Umhleli wokubelethaNEWS

Ngo-Okthoba 24, 2016



Uhlelo oluhlangene phakathi kwe-SKF, iCharmers University ne-Ericsson luzosiza ukubeka izisekelo ezingokoqobo ze-â € ~Industry 4.0â € ™, ngenkathi kubonisa ukubaluleka kokubambisana kwemboni-yezemfundo.

Kubangaphandle, ukubambisana phakathi kwemboni kanye nezifundiswa kubonakala ngokuqondile futhi okukodwa: inkampani inenkinga, futhi ikhokhela eyunivesithi ngobuchwepheshe bayo ekuxazululeni. Kodwa-ke, empeleni, ukuxhumana phakathi kwalababili kuya ngokujulile kunalokhu "ukuqeqeshwa okubanzi, ukuqashelwa, ukufaka uphawu lomkhiqizo kanye nezinye izinzuzo ezabelwana ngazo.

 

"Uma sisebenzisana namayunivesithi, sithola ukufinyelela kwamakhono abo nolwazi, okuzobe sisebenzisela isikhathi esiningi ukuthola," kusho uMartin Friis, umphathi weprojekthi e-SKF, ngesabelo esikhethekile sokuhlanganisa ubudlelwane nabangaphandle. amaphrojekthi e-RD axhaswe ngemali.

Ngenkathi umsebenzi weyunivesithi ukuveza ulwazi olufanele emphakathini, umgomo wemboni uwukuba ukuncintisana ebhizinisini laso. Ukudala ukubambisana okubalulekile, kubalulekile ukuqonda zombili zomhlaba. Noma yikuphi ukubambisana kufanele kunikeze isimo sokunqoba, noma kuzophela.

I-SKF yenza izinhlangano ze-R D namayunivesithi emhlabeni jikelele. Lezi zivela kumaphrojekthi we-MSc nama-PhD ngamunye ukuya kumaphrojekthi amakhulu amakhulu afaka umcwaningi ongaphezu komunye. Ezinye zezinkulumo ezikhudlwana zithinta uhlelo noma indaba ehambisana nezinsiza ezinkulu.

Izibonelo yizikhungo ze-SKF University Technology Centers, lapho i-SKF ihlonze khona abalingani bokubambisana abathile bezobuchwepheshe obuyinhloko. Lokhu kubandakanya i-tribology (ne-Imperial College), insimbi (i-Cambridge University) nokuqapha isimo (University of Luleà ¥).UMartin Friis

Emngceleni
Izindlela zokukhiqiza nemikhiqizo zenza kube nzima nakakhulu, futhi ijubane lapho ulwazi nolwazi lwakhiwa kwenza kube nzima ukuhambisana nezentuthuko zakamuva. Amayunivesithi asebenza â € œngomngcele wezikhonzi zawo, uthi Friis, futhi ukufaka kulokhu kuyinzuzo enkulu ezinkampanini zezimboni.

Kodwa-ke, ulwazi oluwusizo lubuye lubuyele ekuqondeni okulandelanayo. Nakuba imboni ingafinyelela ucwaningo oluyisisekelo emayunivesithi, ingabuye inikeze impendulo mayelana nezidingo zayo eziqhubekayo nezizayo. Lokhu kusiza i-academia ukuba ihlose ucwaningo lwayo ngokucophelela â € "futhi ukuklama izifundo ezifanele ngokunembile izidingo zomkhakha ngokukhiqiza iziqu ezinezikhono ezifanele embonini yanamuhla.

Lokhu kuphakamisa indaba ewusizo yokuqashwa. Inkampani enkulu yezimboni njenge SKF isebenzisa abaningi abaqeqeshwayo obunjiniyela ngonyaka, futhi izixhumanisi eziseduze zezifundo zingasiza "SKF" SKF ezingqondweni zabafundi. "Khona-ke bayakwazi ukuthi singubani - nokuthi sizoba inkampani efisa ukusebenzela," kusho u-Friis.

Umqondo wokufaka uphawu lwegama- "nobunikazi" uhamba ngaphezu kokuqashelwa ngqo kwi-SKF. Abaningi abaqeqeshwe kwezobunjiniyela bazophela ukusebenza kwezinye izinkampani zezimboni. Kodwa, ukujwayela i-SKF nemikhiqizo yayo kuzosiza inkampani lapho laba bafundi - njengabaxhasi besikhathi esigcwele â € "basesikhundleni sokucacisa izingxenye ezinjengezintambo noma izimpawu.

Ngesikhathi esifanayo, abasebenzi be-SKF bangathatha indima yokuvakashela abaprofesa - "basebenzise ingxenye yokufundisa kwabo ezikoleni, futhi baqondise abafundi be-PhD kanye ne-MSc. I-SKF nayo ingathonya ukuthuthukiswa kwezemfundo ngokunikeza izinkulumo zezivakashi, ukunikeza abafundi icala noma ngokuhlanganyela emisebenzini yezinhlangano zabafundi kanye nemisebenzi.

Isikhuthazo sezomboni
Ohulumeni abaningi banesifiso sokukhuthaza ukuxhumana phakathi kwemboni kanye nezifundiswa, futhi akufani neze eSweden. "Uhulumeni usekela izinhlelo zokucwaninga eziqinisa izifundiswa ngenkathi zigxile ezidinga imboni," kusho u-Friis. "Kudingeka kwenziwe ezindaweni ezifanele, ngakho bakhetha amaprojekthi ngokucophelela."

Ezingeni elilodwa, uhulumeni unikeza ngemali ngqo ngemfundo kanye nocwaningo oluyisisekelo. Ngaphezulu kwalokhu, uhlelo lokuxhasa ngezimali luzokhuthaza ukusebenzisana kwezimboni "lapho kuqhutshwa khona ucwaningo, njengokusungula indawo yangempela. Lezi zimali zithinta igebe phakathi kocwaningo lwezemfundo nokuhlola kwezezimboni, futhi ngokuvamile lihlanganisa Izinga lokuThuthukiswa kweTheknoloji 3-7. Uxhaso lukaHulumeni luhlanganisa imithombo yezemfundo, kanti izinkampani zizikhokhela izindleko zabo.

Ukuze imboni isebenze kahle kule ndawo, kubalulekile ukuba iqhaza ezinhlanganweni zokuhweba nezinhlangano, ukuze kugcizelele izidingo zesikhathi esizayo embonini. Lezi zinhlangano zizama ukuthonya izici ezifana nokuthi yiziphi izindawo ezibaluleke kakhulu, nokuthi izimali zokucwaninga kufanele zisakazwe kanjani.

Lokhu kubambezela kusiza ukuthola izinkampani zidinga ohlelweni, futhi kusiza ukwakhiwa kwenethiwekhi nabafundi, abanye abalingani bokucwaninga bezimboni kanye nezinhlangano zezimali. Kuyindlela ephumelelayo yokukhomba izindawo ezifanele zokucwaninga, abalingani bokucwaninga bezemfundo kanye nezimboni kanye namakholi afanayo okuxhaswa ngemali.

Inethiwekhi yokusebenzisana
I-Friis ihlongozwa ngempumelelo iphrojekthi kuVinnova (ingxenye yoMnyango Wezebhizinisi waseSweden) esihlokweni esishisayo se-â € ~Industry 4.0â € "umbono wekusasa wokuxhumanisa zonke izingxenye zefektri yanamuhla. Uhlelo lweminyaka emibili, olubizwa nge-5GEM (5G Enabled Manufacturing), lubambiswano phakathi kwe SKF, Chalmers University kanye ne-telecoms giant Ericsson. Ukuhlanganisa ubuchwepheshe be-Ericsson ebuchwepheni obungenawaya, ulwazi lwe-SKF lwezinhlelo zokukhiqiza kanye ne-Chalmers's approach approach lingasiza ekusekeni izisekelo ze-Industry 4.0.

â € œIfayili exhunyiwe yesikhathi esizayo, i-Wi-Fi ngeke iphile ngokuvumelana nezidingo ezintsha ekuthembekeni, ekugcineni kweminye nemininingwane yedatha, "kusho u-Friis. "Uhlelo luzodinga ukuba 'ngaso sonke isikhathi.â €

I-standard 5G ekhulayo - kubandakanya ubuchwepheshe njengengqalasizinda, izixazululo zefu kanye nokuhlaziywa - kungaba yingxenye yesisombululo esiwusizo esithi "i-Industry 4.0". "Kuze kube manje, i-Industry 4.0 ikhulunywe njengomqondo -" kodwa lolu hlobo lobuchwepheshe oluzokwenza kwenzeke, "usho kanje.

Ukufika kwe-5G kuzokuvumela ukusetshenziswa kwamafresi aphakeme, okuvumela ukuthi inqwaba yedatha idluliselwe ngokushesha futhi ithembekile. "Ukulungiswa nokuvikeleka kubalulekile," kusho u-Friis. â € œUkuxhumana kufanele kuqinisekiswe ngaso sonke isikhathi â € "ngaphandle kwalokho ukukhiqizwa kuzohluleka."

Ngokubambisana, abalingani bephrojekthi bazokwakha uchungechunge lwe- "demonstrators" olusekelwe ku-5G, okuzobe kuhlolwe emafekishini e-SKF. Lezi zizokwahlulelwa ngezigaba ezine eziyinhloko: ukusebenza kahle kokukhiqiza; ukuguquguquka kwemvelo; ukulandelela; nokusimama. Ithimba selisondele ekunqumeni ukuthi yiziphi izibonisi ezizosebenza kuzo. Le phrojekthi izobonisa ukuthi ukuxhumana kungaqinisa kanjani ukukhiqizwa kwesistimu yokukhiqiza.

Inhloso yephrojekthi ukusebenzisa ukuxhumana okuthuthukisiwe nokuhlaziya ukuze unikeze ukufinyelela kwedatha efanele- "ncamashi lapho kuyadingeka khona futhi kuphi. Ukulinganisa lokhu ngezidingo zomuntu (noma umshini) kuzovumela izinqumo ukuba zithathwe â € "noma yizikhombisi-ndlela, noma ezenzekelayo" ezizokwenza inzuzo ohlelweni lokukhiqiza.

Ukuletha Isimboni 4.0
Idatha ehlangene nayo idlala indima ebalulekile embonini, njengezinhlelo zesondlo zokubikezela. I-Industry 4.0, uma iyaqaphela, ingathatha lokhu kube yizinga eliphelele.
UJohn Stahre, uSihlalo weMikhiqizo Yokukhiqiza e-Chalmers University - "ophinde abe nguMphathi weProjekthi ye-5GEM" uthi: "Umbono wephrojekthi ukudala uhlelo lokukhiqiza okusezingeni eliphezulu elikhombisa ukusebenza okuthuthukisiwe â €" ngokusebenzisa ukuphumelela okuthuthukisiwe, ukuguquguquka kokuguquguquka nokulandelela. Ingxenye eyinhloko yephrojekthi iqinisekisa ukuthi lobu buchwepheshe budluliselwa kalula kwezinye izimboni zokukhiqiza

Futhi uxwayisa ukuthi imboni idinga ukuyiqonda ngalesi sikhathi "njengoba umqondo wokusebenzisana kwendawo yonke uye wazama kanye ngaphambili. "Back eminyakeni yama-1990 sinezinto okuthiwa i-Computer Integrated Manufacturing, eyazama ukuxhuma konke ndawonye," kusho yena. "Kodwa ukusebenzisana kwehlulekile futhi sineziqhingi ze-automation". Kuthathe iminyaka engu-20 ukufika lapho sikhona khona manje. "

I-Industry 4.0 isabhekene nezinye izithiyo - ngokuphawulekayo ezungeze ukulinganisa nokusebenzisana â € "kodwa amaphrojekthi afana no-5GEM angasiza ukusondeza ekuqinisweni.

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